E-ISSN: 2456-2033

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IJAREM: Volume 02 - No. 05, 2016


Dr. Anne Kalei, Miss Wanjohi Rita Mumbi
Strategic procurement capability is the resources, skills, competence, and knowledge that support the goals of an organisation by acquiring and managing resources strategically so as to achieve institutional goals. Strategic procurement is responsible for ensuring organisations' goals are achieved in certifying the requirements of the business are met. The scope of study scope touched on the International NGOs in Nairobi where the main objective was to explore on specific strategic procurement capabilities that contribute to organisation performance. The structural issues such as accountability, governance, and participation of International Non-Government organisations in the social arena has raised questions on how effective their procurement policies are carried out within the organisations hence the rationale of the study. The research focused on four main capabilities which include supplier relationship, Supply chain risk management, supplier relationships and technology capability. The study adopted a descriptive research design where a population of 121 International NGOs as listed by the NGO coordination board was used. The study settled on a 10% sample size which settles to 12 International NGOs. The response rate of the study was 91.66% which adequate for analysis. The research showed that supplier relationship, supply chain risk management, supplier relationships and technology are capabilities that are adopted in achieving performance of INGOs through the procurement function. The study gave various recommendations in measuring organization performances such as price/cost of products and service, availability of suppliers, innovation of the supply markets, workforce and also the aspect of employee development.


This paper draws light upon the universe of Corporate Social Responsibility its focal points and dull corners and tries to sparkle its light upon the idea of Corporate Social Responsibility as a Profession, and tries to concentrate on the ability set of the competitors that handle these employments. The paper tries to dive deep and explore the genuine face of corporate social responsibility and how it is changing in the present situation with no sort of consider change in its root values. Here we require additionally to check the root estimations of Corporate Social Responsibility what contrasts are making it special to the train that it is today in this limit monetary world where cash rules everything.


3. Green HRM: An Effective Tool to Attain & Maintain Competitive Advantage
It's not yours, not mine, It's ours. Protect your resources which nourish you. There lies the concept of Green HRM. Green HRM refers to designing and implementing HR policies in the organization that promote sustainable use of resources and Eco-friendly HR practices in the organization. With the growing concern on Environmental Sustainability, the business domain started looking at expanding roles of HRM functions in a way to reach Environmental Sustainability. The way is metamorphosing HRM into Green HRM. Green HRM strategically aims at preservation of resources for future generations. The main purpose of the paper is to portray how and why Green HRM can become an effective tool for attaining a competitive advantage.


4. Cash Management in IT Companies – (With Special Reference to TCS)
Dr. M. Martha Sucharitha
Cash Management means the management of liquidity in order to meet their day to day requirement. The result of poor focus on cash management often means that the financial assets are bound. The management of liquidity is not something new but cash management is a modern way of doing that. This paper will examine the firm‟s liquidity with a focus on liquidity management, connection between cash and bank balances and total assets, payment and payout routines. The purpose of this study is to examine TCS liquidity today in order to later recognise which factors within cash management can strengthen the liquidity position of TCS over the past 5 year period from 2010 to 2014.The data has been analyzed by using conceptual tools to find out the association between the variables. The study is extended with the usage of few ratios like current ratio, Acid test ratio and cash position ratio.


5. Economic Development of E-Banking and E-Commerce with reference of Nellore region (AP- India)
Ms. Lakshmi Anusha T, Mr. Bala Ramana Reddy S
This paper investigates the economic development towards E-Banking and E-Commerce. E-Commerce and E- Banking are inter related with one another, these two are giving the importance for the concept of Customer relationship management (CRM) with the view of making profits. The purpose of this study is to examine the economic development towards the Technological Changes in the System of "Electronic Banking"and "Electronic commerce".
Banking activities were started in the year of 1770, with the name of BANK OF HINDUSTHAN; it was the first bank in Calcutta under the European management. It was liquidated in 1830 – 32. After that many changes are looked into the banking sector. Now banking Sector is trying to emerge the new trend of Satellite Banking. Electronic commerce (E-Commerce or EC) is an emerging concept that describes the process of buying and selling or exchanging of products, services, and information via computer networks including the Internet. It is the use of the Internet and the Web to transact business. Doing business online, typically via the Web. It is also called "E-Business", "E-Tailing" and "I-Commerce". E-Commerce implies that goods and services can be purchased online, whereas E-Business might be used as more of an umbrella term for total presence on the Web, which would naturally include E-Commerce (shopping) component. This Paper contains the Prospects and Emerging trends of E- Business and E-commerce in present.
Recently the pace of Globalization has dramatically increased. Unprecedented changes in communications, Transportation, & computer technology have given the new processes and made the world more independent than ever. Term Globalization encompasses a range of social, political & economical charges. Today we are in Era of Globalization. In world-wide MNC's are adopted the concept of Globalization as their first strategic choice, Advancement in technology facilitate too. Same holds are there for the banking Industry. Information technology has been a major driving force of economies world-wide during the last decades. Its impact has been rapidly felt in banking industry also.
E-Commerce and E- Banking are inter related with one another; these two are giving the importance for the concept of Customer relationship management (CRM) with the view of making profits.


6. Employee Stress Management at Work place
D. Swaroopa, K. Sree nivasulu Reddy
Stress in the workplace is now widely recognized as a major problem facing total Industry. Stress is a growing concern for organizations today. Stress can be defined as a lively circumstance in which people face constraints, opportunities, or loss of something they desire and for which the consequence is both unpredictable as well as crucial. In many countries, employers have a legal responsibility to recognize and deal with stress in the workplace so that employees do not become physically or mentally ill. It is important to tackle the causes of stress in the workplace and stress at work can lead to problems for the individual, working relationships and the overall working environment. These issues may include lowered self-esteem and poor concentration skills for the employee. The employer may suffer from increasing customer complaints, staff turnover and days lost sickness. A growing number of companies are offering some form of stress management intervention. However, for those seeking to introduce stress management activities, too little in the way of guidance and direction has been available. This analysis aims to help organizations better understand the sources and dynamics of stress at the worksite and examines how they can reasonably assess, implement, and evaluate their stress management options. This analysis examines the inter-relationships of role conflict, role ambiguity, work-family conflict, emotional exhaustion, job satisfaction and propensity to leave in a sales environment.


7. Di-Methyl Ether (DME) as a substitute for Diesel fuel in compression ignition engines
Olumide A. Towoju, Ademola Dare
Compression ignition engines operated on diesel fuel have high emission rates of Nitric oxides (NOx) and particulate matters (PM) despite being the most fuel efficient engines ever developed for transportation purposes thus necissating the need for advancement in engine designs and source for alternative fuels.
Di-methyl ether (DME) burns like diesel in compression ignition engines, and have the advantage of lower emissions in terms of soot and (NOx) Di-methyl ether (DME) and Reduced N-Heptane (29 species, 52 chemical reactions) which is a representative of Diesel fuel was utilized in the model by importing from the relevant files into the chemical reaction interface using the relevant governing equations and solved with COMSOL 5.0 which employs the finite element method of solution. The model was used to compare the thermal efficiency and brake mean effective pressure (BMEP) of the fuels.
The thermal efficiency derived while employing di-methyl ether (DME) as fuel was found to be greater than that which is obtainable by using diesel representative as fuel, signifying that the di-methyl ether (DME) fueled engine will be preferable when the derived work that is obtainable from the heat energy inherent in the fuel is of upmost importance.


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