E-ISSN: 2456-2033

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IJAREM: Volume 09 - No. 12, 2023


1. Diabetes Prediction using Machine Learning
Shaurya Goel, Dr. Saurabh Goel, Abhinav Anand, Dharmbir, Bhavika
Diabetes is a chronic illness that could lead to a global health crisis. The International Diabetes Federation estimates that 382 million people worldwide have diabetes. This will double to 592 million by 2035. Diabetes is a condition brought on by elevated blood glucose levels. The symptoms of increased thirst, increased appetite, and frequent urination are brought on by this elevated blood glucose. Diabetes is one of the main causes of heart failure, stroke, amputations, kidney failure, and blindness. The two most prevalent types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2, but there are other varieties as well, including gestational diabetes, which develops during pregnancy. In data science, machine learning is a young scientific discipline that studies how machines pick up knowledge via experience. The goal of this project is to combine the findings of many machine learning approaches to create a system that can more accurately forecast a patient's risk of developing diabetes at an early age.


2. Intellectual Property Rights in Addiction Recovery: Balancing Incentives and Access to Treatment Solutions
Jude Amaechi Odihe
This paper delves into "Property Rights in Addiction Recovery: Balancing Incentives and Access to Treatment Solutions". Amidst the rising demand for innovative addiction treatments, IP rights, notably patents and trademarks, act as vital incentives for pharmaceutical innovation. However, a palpable tension exists between encouraging innovation and ensuring broad access to these treatments. The analysis encompasses pivotal legal cases, including Diamond v. Chakrabarty (1980) and Merck KGaA v. Integra Lifesciences I, Ltd. (2005), shedding light on the dynamic nature of pharmaceutical IP. Current advancements in addiction treatment, such as Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) and innovations in Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) and Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) treatment are scrutinized. The paper assesses how intellectual property influences drug pricing and accessibility, emphasizing the slight balance necessary to foster innovation while ensuring affordability. The introduction of the PharmaPrix Model illustrates the multifaceted components influencing drug pricing and access. The paper concludes by exploring policy interventions, including international perspectives and potential reforms, aiming to address the tension between IP, innovation, and healthcare access. Key recommendations stress the importance of a distinctive understanding of global dynamics to create a healthcare ecosystem where innovation is incentivized, and essential treatments are universally accessible.


3. Key Informants' Perceptions of the Challenges to Port Harcourt's Inland Water Transportation
JOHNBULL, Simeipiri Wenike
Key informants are essential sources of unique insights into complex subjects since they possess specialized knowledge and competence in a variety of sectors. Insights from these informants are compiled and analyzed in this article to highlight the obstacles preventing the growth of inland water transportation in Port Harcourt. Their knowledge offers a thorough comprehension of the complex barriers preventing this vital method of transportation from operating more effectively and moving forward. The key informants, who represented a range of industries and sectors, including infrastructure, security, safety, navigation, governance, and industry-specific domains like timber transportation, together highlighted key challenges impeding inland water transportation. These issues include outdated infrastructure, security vulnerabilities, inadequate safety measures, navigational impediments, governance limitations, economic dependence on oil and gas operations, and industry-specific impediments. The informants all agreed that one major obstacle was the widespread presence of outdated infrastructure. The water transportation infrastructure in Port Harcourt lags behind international standards due to a reluctance to accept current designs in the construction of boats and ferries, which hinders efficiency. Inadequate resources for route protecting exacerbate security vulnerabilities including piracy and illegal oil bunkering, which pose a threat to passenger safety and cause environmental degradation. The problems facing the sector are further exacerbated by operator safety shortcomings, shallow and narrow waterways that present navigational difficulties, government limitations that impede regional development, and economic interdependencies. The recommendations center on industry diversification, policy advocacy for reforms, infrastructure revitalization, strengthened security measures, safety protocol prioritization and operator training, strategic dredging initiatives, and focused solutions for sector-specific issues like timber transportation. The community, legislators, and stakeholders must work together to fully realize the potential of this sector, promote economic expansion, and guarantee the long-term viability of Port Harcourt's inland water transportation network.




IJAREM Features