E-ISSN: 2456-2033

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IJAREM: Volume 02 - No. 04, 2016


1. The Effect of Excessive Oil – Gasoline Mixture on the Acceleration of Bajaj Rickshaw Vehicles
Osama Mohammed Elmardi Suleiman Khay
In this research paper, a Bajaj rickshaw vehicle was tested under variable loads and five different oil – fuel mixture ratios ranging between 2% and 12.5%. Three readings of each experiment were taken and average values were extracted. It was found that oil – fuel mixture ratios which lie between 2% and 5% are the most suitable ratios that could be used by rickshaw drivers and technician mechanics. These ratios are recommended to be used because they give the vehicle's engine higher acceleration, longer operation period life, diverge the overhaul maintenance period intervals, and that they cause less impact to the surrounding environment.


2. Microstructural properties of lime stabilized naturally occurring acidic soil
P.H. Bhengu, D. Allopi
Natural Acid occurring soils are very common in regions with high rainfall. KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) is no exception to this. Agricultural wise, these soils are a major cause of poor yields of crops and vegetables, limiting plant growth by stunting root development and thereby the uptake of water and nutrients. Mixing lime into the topsoil is one of the effective ways of dealing with soil acidity problems. Engineering wise, the use of lime to soil is associated with weak, unstable or unsuitable soils. It is often a norm that when natural or imported natural occurring soil is encountered during road construction for base courses, the need to intervene in improving the structural stability of such soils arises. One of the intervention which has been used and still in use involves the application of lime to soil so as to enhance the stability in the soils. An experimental program was undertaken to investigate the effects of hydrated lime in studying the microstructural of natural occurring acidic soil samples. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) tests were used to indent chemical composition and structure of the three soil samples treated with lime. Three (3) natural occurring acidic soil samples were collected at three different locations and treated with lime contents (i.e. 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% by weight of soil). Further tests such as gradation & consistency limits, were conducted. The test results indicated that the inclusion of lime to the three soil samples changes the pH (increases) of the tested soil (acidic). SEM and EDS graphics showed that lime treatment changed significantly the soil fabric depending on curing time and water content, this time being 7 days of curing.


Dr. C. Jothi Baskara Mohan, Dr. M. Vasumathy
The present paper lays the foundations for the best practices in knowledge management and investigates the degree of awareness and implementation of KM principles and practices in Indian information technology (IT) companies. A purposive sample of 10 IT companies in Tamilnadu was chosen for study and a survey was conducted with the objective of investigating the degree of awareness and implementation strategies of knowledge management. The present research work is also based on secondary data obtained from 10 IT companies in Tamilnadu. The various phases of knowledge management (knowledge generation, knowledge codification, and knowledge transfer and knowledge application) were taken into account and data were interpreted on the basis of weighted scores for each parameter at each phase. Final conclusions were drawn on the basis of the Knowledge Management Index. The interpretation of data revealed that the Knowledge Management Index (KMI) for awareness and commitment is very high as per the pre-defined rating scale but the involvement of top management in allocating the necessary resource flow to initiate and sustain knowledge management practice is needed. The Knowledge Management Index for awareness of intellectual property in IT companies in Tamilnadu was found to be too low, which is an area of concern, but the same was high for information technology. It was also revealed that HR professionals have to realize that true competitive advantage lies in the people and the best HR practices should be aligned to strengthen knowledge management.


Eric Ndege, Dr. Shano Mohamed, Dr.SimonRukangu
The top three priorities for most youth organizations are increased youth participation, youth empowerment and youth employment. The inadequate financial resources do not provide an enabling environment for the youth to participate in economic activities in Kenya. The Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) was conceived in 2006 as a strategic move towards addressing youth unemployment in Kenya through enterprise development. However, even with strategies for accelerated youth development in place, it is apparent that economic development of youth in Kenya has been slower than expected, leading to continuing gross socio-economic disparities between the youth and the rest of the population. Most of the projects funded by YEDF in Maara Sub-County have been a complete failure since they are unable to create the jobs anticipated and to earn enough income to settle the loan. It is on this premise that this study sought to management factors influencing financial sustainability of youth projects funded by YEDF in Maara Sub-County, Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya was undertaken. The sought to determine the effect of leadership on financial sustainability of youth group projects; to establish the influence of youth entrepreneurship training on the financial sustainability of projects funded by youth enterprise development fund; determine how a funding affects financial sustainability of projects funded by YEDF and to determine the influence of monitoring and evaluation of youth projects funded by YEDF on the sustainability of the projects. The study would be beneficial to policy makers in the Ministry of Sports, Gender, Youth, Sports, Culture and Social Services, youths and the general public. A descriptive survey approach was adopted. The Target population for this study was be 205 youth group leaders in Maara Sub-County that have been funded and two YEDF officers in the Sub-County. The sample size for the study was 207respondents comprising of 205 youth group leaders and two YEDF officers.. Data collected was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The data was presented in form of frequency counts, percentages, tables and graphs. All the youths affirmed that they had received some kind of entrepreneurial training. The youths further indicated that the training had enabled group members to implement their projects. The study also established that most groups receive sufficient funds for the projects they request for. It further emerged from study findings that lack of monitoring and evaluation of projects funded by Youth enterprise development fund often leads to diversion of the funds to other projects other than those funded for or collapse of the funded projects.. It was concluded that youth entrepreneurship training is essential for the implementation of youth projects, empowerment of youths to initiate personal ventures, encouraging innovation, reduction of dependency on external funding and proper utilization of YEDF. The study also concluded that most groups receive sufficient funds for the projects they request for and when group projects are well funded they are able to be profitable and hence be sustainable. The study finally concluded that monitoring and evaluation of youth projects funded by YEDF increases the success of the funded projects and reduces instances of diverting funds to other projects other than those funded for or collapse of the funded projects.


Ms. Wambui Juliet Wanjira, Kubaison Simon, r. Nzomo Mathias
The tea sector plays a major role as it contributes 11% of agricultural sector contribution to the GDP and 26 % of total foreign exchange. The small scale farmers process and market their tea through Kenya Tea Development Agency (KTDA). With the ever-fluctuating global tea prices and ever-increasing production costs and KTDA being a price taker, it has to survive its mandate by reducing the cost of production. The purpose of this study was to establish the effect of innovation on performance of KTDA managed factories in Meru County. A questionnaire was used as the method of data collection for primary data and a structured data collection sheet was used to collect secondary data. A sample size was 79 respondents comprising of 27 managers and 52 workers. T-test statistic was computed for innovation and the results indicated that the method was statistically significant in cost reduction. This study concluded that innovation had a positive effect on the performance of KTDA managed factories. The study recommends the factories to continue implementing the strategies and more innovative methods to be explored.


Uma Devi, Y, Murali Krishna, V
The purpose of the paper is to investigate the relationship between leadership styles and Socio economic position variables in Nippo Batteries Company Limited, Nellore in Andhra Pradesh. This relationship examined in three levels like top management, middle management and low level management in NBCL.


7. Scientific basics for planning of remote sensing ground stations in Vietnam
Le Minh Son, Chu Hai Tung, Nguyen Ngoc Quang, Ngo Duy Tan
The paper shall introduce basic research on planning of remote sensing ground stations which is expected to facilitates the relevant activities of Ministry of Natural resource and environment (MONRE) of Vietnam. Study on current status of existing ground stations, their utilization and future trend in Vietnam are performed to conclude on the realities, the need for ground station planning and its criteria.


Rina Yenrina, SahadiDidiIsmanto, RofiatulUmmah
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of parboiledprocess on ricenutritional from various varieties in West Sumatra. The varieties used are based on the local yield rice issued by BalaiPengkajianTeknologiPertanian (BPTP) West Sumatra in 2010 that had the texture pera. The varieties used are the Anak Daro, KuriakKusuik, Junjung, CeredekMerah. Each of these varieties will be compared the nutritional value between milled rice and parboiled rice.The result showed an increased of the water level of milled rice11.40 % -12.45 % and parboiled rice 13 % -13.85 %, elevated ash content from 0.36 % -0.85 % to 0.69 % -1.08 %, elevated levels of Fat Level was 0.28 % -0.51 % to 0.51 % -0.61 %, a decline in Protein Levelwas 4.75 % -5.64 % to 4.38 % -5.42 %, the decline in the starch content was from 61.12 % -61.66 %. The enhancement of nutrition contentwas caused by soaking and steaming processduring the making of parboiled rice, resulting dispersion of mineral, fat, and dietary fiber of aleuronelayer and embryo into endosperm.The subsidence of protein occurred because protein denatured due to warming, while starch and amylose soluble during soaking and steaming process.


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